Don’t miss the opportunity to catch a glimpse of sunset over the beauty of the Murud beach. Abstract A good example of “Jal-Durg” (Fort amidst water), Murud Janjira is quiet unfamiliar to peoples. Major historical figures from Murud-Janjira include men such as Sidi Hilal, Yahya Saleh and Sidi Yaqub. A study of this Indo-African population offers a realistic portrayal of Africans as traders, warriors, and sailors. Therefore, the island of Kansa near Janjira was the site of a fort named Padmadurg to counter the Siddi. Most of the Sidis live in Gujarat, a state in western India. Habshis were present in Colombo, in Ceylon, where Ibn Battuta reports that Jalasti, “the wazir and ruler of the sea”, had “about five hundred Abyssinians”. The community, known as Makranis, is almost completely centred in the coastal city of Karachi and has achieved national status as athletes, especially as boxers, a field in which Indo-Africans have represented Pakistan in international competition. After their conversion to Islam, the African freedmen of India, originally called Habshi from the Arabic, called themselves Sayyad (descendants of Muhammad) and were consequently called Siddis. In 1733, the Maratha Empire took aggressive action and embarked on a campaign against the siddis of Janjira. The Sidis here have retained their lineage of music and dance – their only link now with Africa. These tombs were infact those of a Siddi dynasty that had ruled Murud for more than 300 years, through the periods of the early Islamic Sultanates, the Mughals and even the British, Marathas and Portuguese, building a small but powerful state. Under the extensive Indian affirmative action programs, most Indo-Africans are classified as scheduled tribes, which entitles them to reservations in university seats and other government support. Janjira is especially considered one of the best specimens of naval fort architecture. Habshis ruled Bengal 1486-1491 by overthrowing the ruler Jalal-al Din. In Pakistan, which also has a small Indo-African population, Indo-Africans are substantially more visible as performers and athletes. July 30th 2020 follow. “Siddi kingdoms were established in western India in Janjira and Jaffrabad as early as 1100 AD. However one views Afro-Indians, their mere existence has much to tell us about Africa’s place in the world community beyond just the dark days of slavery. SHARE . The fort and its buildings lacks architectural ornamentation. Located 50 k.m. Most were mercenaries or prisoners of war of the Muslim rulers. Siddi Ambar the Little is accordingly considered the first Nawab of Janjira state. As the story goes, the ruler of the state was killed in a palace coup d’etat led by an Indo-African general serving in the king’s army, who went on to proclaim himself king. Originally known as the Janjira Fort, it is one of the strongest marine forts of India. Janjira Murud. Their descendants still live in and around the coastal village of Murud. Janjira fort is around 6 Kms away from Murud beach and one would cross a river and hill top to reach there. The first of all the beaches here is the Janjira-Murud beach. Major historical figures from Murud-Janjira include men such as Sidi Hilal, Yahya Saleh and Sidi Yaqub. The Janjira Fort at Murad was “once the stronghold of Abyssinian Sidis, who played an important role in the history of Bombay in the latter half of the 17th century”. Those who did return have largely been assimilated into the cultural mix that characterises the island. I am grateful to him for his help in writing in this article. The name of the fort is a concatenation of the Konkani and Arabic words for Island, "morod" and "jazeera". Malik Ambar - The Deccan’s African Defender | Tales & Trails 00:00. Jamal al-Din Yaqut – a royal courtier in the kingdom of Delhi who was believed to be close to the then reigning sovereign Queen Raziya (1236- 1240). From then onward Siddis became independent, owing allegiance to Adilshah and the Mughals as dictated by the times. India has always welcomed immigrants from around the world, giving them acceptance and taking from them certain cultural attributes that have further enlarged the Indian mosaic. It is filed under Thoughts/ Articles and tagged with africa in india, blacks in india, india ethnic tribes, racial minorities india, siddi tribe in india, siddi tribe photographs, siddi village sasangir, siddis of gujarat. In studying and recording the group’s music, they had recognised a common melody and similar themes in the music to that which was sung by a certain ethnic group in Tanzania. Mediums of reaching Murud-Janjira Beach Car Indeed, the island Janjira was formerly called Habshan, meaning Habshan’s or African’s land. Janjira state had always faced rivalry with the Marathas especially with the Angrias, a Maratha Koli family with forts and ships. Culturally, the Indo-Africans have been accepted into the vast spectrum that is India – as have many immigrant groups ranging from the Jews who fled Israel two hundred years after Christ, to the Zoroastrians who fled Iran in the advent of Islamic imperialism. This entry was posted on Tuesday, March 18th, 2014 at 10:03 pm. 00:00. Siddi Palace is located to the left of Revdanda-Murd road and can be encountered just before entering Murud. There are conflicting theories on the origin of the name Siddi. Malik Sarwar, described as a Habshi, was appointed governor of Jaunpur. The island fortress was under control of Adil Shahi dynasty until the reign of Ibrahim II where Janjira fort was lost to the Siddis. Although Africans have been crossing the Indian Ocean into India for over a millennium, most of those who make up the Indo-African population came in the past five hundred years. The African Diaspora in the Americas was an unwilling one, but the Indo-Africans came willingly to India, and regardless of their ups and downs in Indian history, they have chosen to stay there. How did a young boy sold as a slave in Ethiopia rise and become so powerful in India? He was subsequently killed by another high-ranking Indo-African general who remained loyal to the original ruling family and placed the young son of the murdered king upon the throne. Murud was once known in Marathi as Habsan ("of Habshi" or Abyssinian). Specifically, it is said to be an honorific title given to the descendants of African natives in the west of India, some of whom were distinguished military officers and administrators of the Muslim princes of the Deccan. Nawab Siddi Ahmad Khan, the nawab of Janjira from 1879 to 1922. Visit for other original content. Sultan Shahzada 1486 -1487 The monsoon winds that blew across the Indian ocean powered an extensive trade system that shipped spices from Kerala through Northeast Africa and on to Rome and other parts of the European continent since before the time of Christ. “..the most famous among the Indo-Africans was the celebrated Malik Ambar (1550-1626). Indo-Africans trace their ancestry primarily from the East African coast from Sudan, Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) to Mozambique, but some came from as far off as South Africa and even Nigeria. A king of Ahmadnagar had had enough of his manipulative mother & conniving nobles, so he took a sabbatical. After his arrival in India, Ambar was able to raise a formidable army and achieve great power in the west Indian realm of Ahmadnagar. The word "morod" is peculiar to Konkani and is absent in Marathi. This article is posted Courtesy www.africana.com. The sunset view makes it more captivating as it joins islands forts Janjira and Padmadurgad. The majority of Indo-Africans are Muslims, but other similarities are hard to find. The Siddis were employed largely as security forces for Muslim fleets in the Indian Ocean, a position they maintained for centuries.” – Tom Mountains Ambedkar Journal Website HABSHIS AND SIDDIS: AFRICAN DYNASTIES IN INDIA. You need to drive on the Their fort still stands today in Murud – a small fishing village – as does the Sidi Palace on the outskirts of the village. From then onward, Siddis owed allegiance to Adilshah and the Mughals … The Siddis of Janjira were Abyssinians by origin. Memorials of Sovereignty: Funerary Architecture of the Siddis of Janjira at Khokri (Maharashtra) Arts Asiatiques, vol 74 (2019), pp. Ibn Battuta recalls that at Alapur, north of Delhi, the governor was “the Abyssinian Badr…, a man whose bravery passed into a proverb”. Under the leadership of a wealthy merchant known as Baba Ghor, the Shemali became prosperous through the mining and trade of the precious stone Agate. 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