Notable Hispanic American musicians and visual artists. Her paintings offer a glimpse into her painful physical and psychological reality. Dominican American writer Julia Alvarez has been enchanting readers with her words since the early 1990s. Below, we have rounded up all of the Latinos and Latin Americans featured on Time âs list in 2019. She has since been heralded alongside Johnson as the mothers of the gay rights movement. I get tired of hearing people, well-meaning people, talking about African-American kids or Hispanic kids as if they're all the same. Roberto Goizueta, former CEO of Coca-Cola. These renowned educators are just a handful of the many teachers who have transformed people's lives. Simón Bolívar. Few Hispanic Americans have made a bigger impact in recent pop culture than Lin-Manuel Miranda. Cruz ran for president in 2016, entering the primary race in March 2015, earning 12 states and receiving 7.8 million votes. The defining moment in Chavez’s life came when his family moved to California during the Great Depression to become farm workers, cementing his fight for farmers rights. After finding initial success as a teen in Puerto Rico, Roberto Clemente played his entire MLB career as a Pittsburgh Pirate. READ MORE: Rita Moreno Was Over Being Stereotyped in Hollywood, so She Quit Making Movies for Seven Years. Photo: Louis Requena/ MLB via Getty Images. Then still known as Ray, the young child was raised by her Venezuelan grandmother who strongly rejected the beginnings of Rivera’s transgender identity forming. Cruz went on to Harvard Law School, earning his degree in 1995. She was her high school valedictorian and graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University before setting off on a three-decade-long law career. The following 15 historic and modern-day artists, activists, performers and pioneers have all made waves in their respective fields. Castro was elected to San Antonio City Council the next year in 2001 until he ran for mayor in 2005, coming in second by a small margin of votes. She graduated in 1976 after establishing herself as a student advocate, working hard to ensure Princeton began hiring Latin American faculty. She challenged gender bias within the farmworkers’ movement and has since called for more women and Latinas in political office. Ellen Ochoa: Astronaut. Through his art, Basquiat mixed styles, as well as African, Caribbean and American culture. READ MORE: How Roberto Clemente Lived Life to the Fullest Before Tragically Dying in a Plane Crash, Julia Alvarez (L) and President Barack Obama (R). Popular legend has it that Ponce de Leon sailed north from Puerto Rico looking for the fabled Fountain of Youth in 1513. Chavez made the CSO his full-time job after he was laid off, meeting fellow activist Dolores Huerta while traveling to chapters around the state of California. He resigned as mayor in 2014 after accepting President Obama’s offer to become the U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in which he served until Obama’s term ended in 2017. “What I did get from my mother was a very strong sense that if you did public policy right, and you did well in public service, that it’s a positive influence on people’s lives.”. Aboard the space shuttle Discovery in 1993, Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman to travel to space. Much like Rubio, Ted Cruz has elevated the representation of Hispanic Americans in Congress. As a leader, he championed several worker victories by organizing weeks-long hunger strikes, marches and boycotts. Huerta now runs the Dolores Huerta Foundation and has received several accolades, including an inaugural Eleanor Roosevelt Award for Human Rights in 1998 under President Clinton and the Presidential Medal of Freedom under President Obama in 2012. She went on to become one of the most critically revered Latina writers and has published poems, novels and essays throughout her career. And, probably just as important, heâs the guy who gave the state its name. In the letter, Cruz asked that the Pope lend his support to U.S. immigration reforms that would ensure the safety of her undocumented parents. Ochoa became the first Hispanic American director of the Johnson Space Center in 2013, only the second woman to take the helm. “I’m hoping that this is a beginning,” Ocasio-Cortez said at her victory party in 2018. The 100 Most Influential People Next Generation Leaders Person of the Year Top of the World. Lynda Carter, actress. They also worked with the Gay Liberation Front, founded after the Stonewall Riot in 1969. Alvarez was born in New York City in 1950 before her family moved to the Dominican Republic when she was a baby. After receiving an honorable discharge from the Navy, Chavez worked as a lumber handler in San Jose, where he helped set up a chapter of the Community Service Organization, a pivotal civil rights organization for Latinos in California. THE ACTIVE TIMES ® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF TRIBUNE PUBLISHING. â¦ These children of the 'Bel Paese' left behind an indelible imprint with their contributions to humanity, sports, science and popular culture. Born in Cuba in 1957, Estefan’s family fled to Miami during the Cuban Revolution in 1959. His biggest success has come from “La Boriqueña,” an Afro-Latina undergrad-student turned superhero. Rubio later entered the Republican presidential primary race in April 2015, becoming one of the first Hispanic Americans to have aspirations of the highest office. His career in politics started just three years later when he won a run-off election in the fight for a seat in the Florida House of Representatives. She joined the Community Service Organization, where she later met fellow activist Chavez. She visited Flint, Michigan, and the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota after the general election, where she attended the Dakota Access Pipeline protests and decided to run for office. In 1993 began acting career staring in film Selena about Mexican-American singer. Cruz was born Rafael Edward Cruz in Calgary, Canada, in 1970 to an American mother and a Cuban father who had been living in Canada for three years. Raised in Havana, Cuba, “Queen of Salsa” Celia Cruz was one of few women of her time to find fame in the male-dominated salsa scene. The future judge went on to graduate valedictorian from high school and earned a full scholarship to Princeton University. The prolific right fielder was born in 1934 in Puerto Rico, joined the island’s amateur baseball league when he was 16 and made the professional league two years later at 18. George Lopez - 25 Most Influential Hispanics in America - â¦ She excelled through high school after her family moved to the suburbs and was in her second year at Boston College when her dad tragically died of lung cancer in 2008. Through her impressive research work, NASA selected Ochoa in 1991 and she became an astronaut in July of that year. Born in 1930, the New Mexico native of Mexican descent grew up in a farm worker community in Stockton, California, with her mom and two brothers. Pay Gap, Racism and More Contribute to Growing Economic Inequality in the US, 101 Things Every American Should Do in the US in Their Lifetime, 101 Jaw-droppingly Beautiful Photos of America. After retiring with 30 years of service, Ochoa continues to advocate for women in STEM. José Argüelles (1939â2011) â American New Age author and artist. READ MORE: The Story of Jennifer Lopez's Iconic Green Jungle Versace Dress, Photo: Netflix/ Courtesy Everett Collection. Cesar Chavez, labor leader. Born to Puerto Rican parents living in New York City public housing, Sotomayor learned from her mother the power of education. Ellen Ochoa joined NASA in 1988. Rivera, born in New York City in 1951 of Puerto Rican and Venezuelan descent, had a rough upbringing. “I think we need all the best and brightest people working in science and engineering fields, and that is certainly not limited to men or white men or anything like that,” she told NBC News in 2019. Sotomayor was born in 1954 in the New York City borough, where she grew up in a predominantly Catholic and Puerto Rican community. Jose Canseco, baseball player. In her award-winning and best-selling poetry and prose, Acevedo explores themes of self-acceptance and identity. Castro credits his mother, a Chicana political activist, for his life in public service. Born Rosita Dolores Alverio, Rita Moreno is the first Hispanic woman to win an Academy Award and is one of few people to hold the honor of being a âPEGOTâ winner. Her father left the family when she was a baby and her mother later died by suicide when Rivera was just 3 years old. She quickly made education a priority through her mother’s insistence after her dad died when she was 9 years old. In 1972, after a 12-year string of consecutive Gold Glove seasons, Clemente was killed in a plane crash. Here, we honor the Native American women who soldiered alongside them. Her lengthy career has earned her three Grammy Awards and a Presidential Medal of Freedom under President Obama in 2015, as well as the Kennedy Center Honors in 2017. His father initially left the family and moved to Texas, though his parents reconciled and the family relocated to Houston in 1974. Now, he writes them. The hip-hop musical quickly became one of the most profitable shows to ever hit Broadway. She briefly worked as an elementary school teacher after attending college before setting off on the path of civil rights activism. These easily recognizable names and faces and won international acclaim. Latin America includes Mexico , Puerto Rico , Cuba , and the countries of South and Central America . Her father enlisted in the military shortly after they immigrated and took part in the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba, where he was captured by his own cousin and held prisoner for two years. Hispanic/Latino people in the world are known for their work in politics, literature, art, music and entertainment. The two would go on to found the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers labor union, becoming primary figures for Latin American civil rights. She once again won her primary in June 2020, all but ensuring her return to Congress for a second term after the general election in November. Tragic â¦ Though Rubio obtained citizenship through his birth, his parents didn’t become naturalized citizens until after his birth in 1975. They are singers, painters, actors, lawyers, authors, and athletes. Her activism continued in California, where she made a name for herself by supporting and leading various strikes for workers' rights. Dominican American poet and novelist Elizabeth Acevedo learned the art of storytelling from her father, mother and grandfather. In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was sworn in as the 111th Justice of the Supreme Court, the first-ever Hispanic and first Latina woman to carry the title. She later completed three more missions. Miranda won his first Tony Award that summer after the show received 13 nominations, earning four wins including Best Musical. Miranda’s mother Dr. Luz Towns-Miranda is a clinical psychologist and his father Luis A. Miranda, Jr. is a Democratic Party consultant and immigrant advocate. During the coronavirus pandemic, World Central Kitchen has continued safely distributing meals to families in need. Her 2018 novel “The Poet X” is a certified New York Times bestseller and won several awards including the National Book Award for Young People’s Literature. A feminist and LGBTQ icon, Kahlo mixed aspects of Mexican mythology, varying religions and cultures into her art. Senator of Texas in the 2012 election. Following the life of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda reimagined the beginnings of America told by all actors of color, whose ancestors didn’t have a say in how the country was built. Miranda was born in 1980 in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City to Puerto Rican parents, who immigrated to New York to pursue academics. As we continue the Hispanic Heritage Month celebration, today Iâm sharing 21 Inspirational Quotes by American Latinos.. These days, more than ever, we are in need of words of wisdom, inspiration, and empowerment in the Latino community. Rubio went to Tarkio College in Missouri for one year on a football scholarship in 1989 before returning to Florida and later transferring to the University of Florida. Photo: Arthur Schatz/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images. Born in New York, US to Puerto Rican parents. She incorporated African influences into her dress, music and performance in ways her contemporaries did not and captivated the world with her unmatched voice and candy-colored wardrobe. Another two years and Clemente was off to Montreal, Quebec, to play in the minor leagues in 1954. Castro is of Mexican descent and was born with his twin brother, Joaquin, in San Antonio, Texas in 1974. She became only the third person ever to achieve the coveted EGOT, winning an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony Award by 1977. World-renowned Spanish-American chef José Andrés founded World Central Kitchen in 2010. She later stepped away from the union to focus on women’s rights after she was badly beaten by a San Francisco police officer during a peaceful raid, resulting in a long recovery. Rivera was forced to leave home when she was 10, making her way through the rough streets of New York City. Michael Peraza, Cuban... Business. These women fought endlessly for equality women throughout the 20th century. These historical figures left a lasting mark with their leadership, creations and bravery in battle. His father was Spanish. There isn’t an industry in which Hispanic Americans haven’t made their mark in history, with some of the most iconic politicians, singers, actors, athletes and more coming from Hispanic descent. Rita Moreno was born in Puerto Rico in 1931. He participated in his first public exhibition in 1980 but got his start painting graffiti on subway cars and other city surfaces. List of Hispanic and Latino Americans Arts. As co-founder of the Alianza Nacional de Campesinas (National Farmworkers Women’s Alliance), Mónica Ramírez has long advocated against gender-based violence, sexual harassment and exploitation in U.S. fields. Castro was one of the first democrats to announce his 2020 presidential campaign, making it official in January 2019. He was 66. He returned to public policy when he was elected U.S. Twelve years later, Sotomayor made history when President Barack Obama picked her as his first nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court in 2009. The musical On Your Feet, telling the story of her and Emilio’s life, premiered on Broadway in 2015. The politician announced his intention to run for U.S. Senate in 2009 and was elected the next year during the midterm elections. The athlete died in a plane crash in 1972 while on his way to Nicaragua to deliver aid to earthquake victims when he was 38. The actress, singer, â¦ Jennifer Lopez. Civil activists. Right from the 16th century writer Miguel de Cervantes, to the 20th century boxer Oscar De La Hoya, there are many famous names that share a Hispanic heritage. Also known by her initials AOC, Ocasio-Cortez was born in 1989 in the Bronx, New York to a Puerto Rican mother and a Bronx-born father of Puerto Rican descent. They later divorced in 1997. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Explore our collection of motivational and famous quotes by authors you know and love. He counted her influence as the reason why he and his brother, a U.S. Representative for Texas, are politicians. In 1944, 8-year-old Sylvia Mendez was denied admission to 17th Street School in California. They stayed there throughout Alvarez’s childhood until her father’s involvement in a failed attempt to overthrow the militant dictator forced the family to flee to the United States in 1960. With her exotic looks, curvaceous figure and melodious voice, she is undoubtedly one of the most influential Hispanic performer in the United States. Ellen Ochoa made her mark by becoming the first Hispanic American woman to go to space with a nine-day mission in 1993. Explore the ways that these Hispanic Americans have made their mark on the world. Both are credited with forming the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR), later changed to Transgender, which helped house and support LGBTQ youth and sex workers in Manhattan. 10 Famous Hispanic People You Might Not Know Well Enough 1. â¦ She first obtained her physics degree from San Diego State University and later her masters and doctorate from Stanford University’s department of electrical engineering by 1985. As a second-generation migrant farmworker, César Chávez was subject and witness to unjust working conditions, treatment and pay on American farms. Famous Hispanics Jennifer Lopez is probably the first name that pops into our minds when we talk of Hispanic people. Linda Chavez, conservative commentator. He was then successful in 2009 after stepping away to run his own law practice. In â¦ The traumatic event has since made its way into several of Alvarez’s works, including the poem “Exile” in which she recounts the night her family fled. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. The court ruled in Mendez’s favor, granting her admission to the 17th Street School and setting the stage for Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. These history-making individuals were posthumously honored with their caskets displayed in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol. Castro was re-elected in 2011 and 2013. Alongside Chávez and other organizers, Huerta played a key role in passing monumental worker protections. 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